FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history in order to create a FICO score.
All three major credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, each agency uses the following to calculate your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly by agency. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most folks getting a mortgage in the current environment score 620 or above.
Your FICO score greatly affects your monthly payment
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Because the FICO score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's difficult to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to improve your FICO score, you must have the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at 435-755-6622.