How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans in order to create this score.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following to build your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your FICO score greatly affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is calculated from your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
In order to improve your credit score, you've got to get the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at 435-755-6622.